It’s crucial for patients with asthma to maintain good asthma control as novel coronavirus (COVID-19) spreads.
The National Asthma Council Australia is urging health professionals to work with their asthma patients now to establish optimal control, ahead of future challenges including COVID-19 and the upcoming influenza season.
Professor Peter Wark, National Asthma Council director and respiratory physician, says there is not enough data to know exactly how COVID-19 affects people with asthma, but from previous experience people with asthma are expected to be at more risk of serious illness if they contract the disease.
“Health care professionals can help by speaking with their patients about the importance of using their preventer, updating their action plan and checking device technique.”
Medication adherence is particularly important. People with asthma should make sure they have enough medication to last a month, but they should not stockpile as increased demand has led to shortages in some pharmacies this week.
The National Asthma Council welcomes yesterday's announcement that new limits will apply to dispensing certain medications, to protect supply for people with asthma.
Professor Wark also urges health professionals to stop the use of nebulisers both in the clinic and in patients’ homes, saying “Nebulisers can rapidly spread infection from respiratory viruses, such as influenza and COVID-19. A puffer and spacer is a much better option and can work just as effectively”.
If a patient with asthma does contract COVID-19, Professor Wark said systemic corticosteroids should be used with caution. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has advised against the use of systemic corticosteroids, because of the potential for prolonging viral replication as observed in COVID-19 patients, unless indicated for other reasons. 
Patients with asthma who have COVID-19 should continue taking their inhaled corticosteroid preventer, if prescribed.
Other key considerations for health professionals working with asthma patients include:
Health professionals can find more advice regarding COVID-19 and asthma, including information for their asthma patients, on the National Asthma Council website.
For further information or an interview with a National Asthma Council Australia spokesperson, please contact:
Lelde McCoy, The Reputation Group.
Mobile: 0417 362 768