Chart

First Aid for Asthma Chart

Quick action may help prevent an asthma attack from becoming an asthma emergency.

ASTHMA ATTACK is when

  • You have increasing wheezing, cough, chest tightness or shortness of breath  
  • You are waking often at night with asthma symptoms  
  • You need to use your reliever again within 3 hours

ASTHMA EMERGENCY is when

  • Your symptoms get worse very quickly  
  • You have severe shortness of breath, can’t speak comfortably or lips look blue  
  • You get little or no relief from your reliever inhaler

Call an ambulance immediately:
Dial 000 Say this is an ASTHMA EMERGENCY

Not sure if it's Asthma?

If a person stays conscious and their main problem seems to be breathing, follow the asthma first aid steps. Asthma reliever medicine is unlikely to harm them even if they do not have asthma.

Severe Allergic Reactions - what to do

Follow the person’s Action Plan for Anaphylaxis if available. If the person has known severe allergies and seems to be having a severe allergic reaction, use their adrenaline autoinjector (e.g. EpiPen, Anapen) before giving asthma reliever medicine.  

If you are ever unsure about what you should do
CALL AMBULANCE IMMEDIATELY (DIAL 000)

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